ANNAPOLIS, Md. (AP) — As if gas prices weren’t high enough, several states across the U.S. are looking to raise fuel taxes they say are needed to pay for roads and bridges that are outdated, congested and in some cases, dangerous.

Maryland’s governor is proposing a phased-in 6 percent sales tax by 2 percent a year, which would raise about $613 million annually when fully implemented. Iowa is considering raising its current 21-cent-per-gallon tax by either 8 cents or 10 cents.

Such proposals were hard to even contemplate during the recession and its immediate aftermath. Now, states forced to grapple with the problem are running into record-high gas prices for this time of year and lingering effects of the recession.

In Maryland, lawmakers are questioning whether the time is right for such an increase, which is never popular even in good fiscal times.

“They understand that it’s needed,” Delegate Tawanna Gaines, a Democrat, said when asked about the proposal last month, on a day when the national average price of gasoline hit $3.65 a gallon. The average price of gas on Monday pushed toward $3.80 a gallon. “They get that, but they basically believe that you can’t get blood out of a turnip. It’s going to be a very, very tough sell.”

Maryland Gov. Martin O’Malley, a Democrat, is quick to point out that the state hasn’t raised its gas tax since 1992 — and the flat tax doesn’t buy nearly as much as it once did. But some lawmakers say they are getting significant pushback from residents who are calling their offices to express opposition at a time when Maryland, like most other states, is still trying to bounce back from the recession.

O’Malley’s plan would delay a 2 percent annual increase if gas prices rise by more than 15 percent in a fiscal year. Lawmakers also say Maryland’s $1.1 billion deficit is creating another obstacle, because his challenging budget plan includes a variety of other tax increases that legislators will be considering.

Other states also are looking at increasing revenue streams for transportation projects after years of neglect.

Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder, a Republican, is calling on lawmakers in his state to raise $1.4 billion more for transportation needs.

In Arkansas, voters may be asked to consider raising two taxes to help pay for the state’s roads. In Iowa, a commission named by Republican Gov. Terry Branstad recommended late last year that the fuel tax be increased.

In Michigan, state lawmakers in both parties are considering higher fuel-related taxes and vehicle registration fees to raise more than $1 billion of the $1.4 billion the governor is seeking.

Rep. Rick Olson, a Republican who supports the revenue increases, contends it’s a matter of trying to avoid larger expenses later, if maintenance is deferred.

“It’s certainly going to be difficult, and no one argues that we need $1.4 billion,” Olson said. “The longer we wait, the more it is going to cost us.”

In both Maryland and Michigan, business groups have been supportive of raising revenue for transportation.

Rich Studley, president of the Michigan Chamber of Commerce, said Michigan’s transportation system is crucial to three top industries in the state, including manufacturing, agribusiness and tourism.

“It’s really, from a Chamber of Commerce perspective, all about jobs and the economy,” Studley said.

Kathy Snyder, Maryland’s Chamber of Commerce president, also is backing a revenue increase in Maryland. However, she said the chamber would rather phase in a 10-cent increase to the state’s flat tax, instead of O’Malley’s phase-in of a sales tax.

“Transportation funding is one of the top priorities of the Maryland chamber again this year,” Snyder said. “Like many states, we don’t have enough funding to build any road, bridge, highway or transit project either from state funds or federal funds.”

An Arkansas constitutional amendment that lawmakers have placed on the November ballot will ask voters to approve a temporary, half-cent sales tax to pay for the state’s highways. The sales-tax measure is part of a highway plan calling for an increase in the state’s diesel tax, which the Legislature approved last year. That plan was scaled back when the state’s trucking lobby withdrew its support and said voters would not approve a tax hike. Instead, voters approved extending a $575 million highway bond program in November.

A second proposal in Arkansas would raise the state’s severance tax on natural gas to pay for highways. A former natural-gas executive has until July 6 to submit more than 62,000 signatures to place his proposal on the November ballot. It would increase the severance tax to 7 percent. Wells are now taxed at between 1.25 percent and 5 percent of the value of the gas being taken from the land.

In Iowa, a commission recommended late last year that the fuel tax be increased by 8 cents to 10 cents per gallon. Iowa has gone even longer than Maryland in increasing its current 21cents-per-gallon tax, which was last raised in 1989. Branstad reacted by saying there was no need to increase the tax this year, and instead told state transportation officials to identify $50 million in savings that could be diverted to road projects. They have done so.

Some Iowa lawmakers think that’s inadequate, however, and committees in both the House and Senate are debating a fuel-tax increase.

Branstad continues to say he’s focused on finding efficiency but refuses to issue a veto threat that would halt debate immediately.

Republicans run the House and top leaders there have the power to block debate, but they have yet to do so. Democrats run the state’s Senate, and they say the issue will proceed only if it gets broad support from Republicans.

Interest groups pushing the issue say there are enough votes to approve the increase, with the only remaining question being if an adequate level of Republican support can be found to avoid the issue being used against Democrats in November. All sides say they will need some signal from Branstad that he will approve the measure, even if it only comes privately.

In Maryland, O’Malley focused much of his State of the State speech on the need to make tough budget choice in order to find money that would help create construction jobs and maintain transportation infrastructure crucial to economic development in the suburbs of the nation’s capital, which has some of the worst traffic in the nation.

“To create jobs, a modern economy requires modern investments,” O’Malley said in the Feb. 1 speech. “Investments by all of us, for all of us.”

O’Malley’s chief of staff, Matthew Gallagher, has been meeting with lawmakers to underscore the gas tax measure’s “breaking mechanism,” which would defer any increase in fiscal years when the price of gas increases by more than 15 percent. Gallagher said the administration anticipated concern about price volatility and included the slowdown to allay worries.

“I think there is an awareness about the significant need for funding and an awareness that nothing has happened on this in 20 years,” Gallagher said.

Studley, who is optimistic there will be a window of opportunity to pass legislation in Michigan this year, noted the challenges of previous years, when lawmakers have told him to come back with the proposal when it’s not an election year or when gas prices are not high.

“Sometimes, working on this issue is kind of like going into that friendly neighborhood tavern, where everybody knows your name and the sign behind the bar says `Free beer tomorrow,’ which sounds good, but tomorrow never comes,” Studley said.

(Copyright 2012 by The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.)

Comments (9)
  1. 1-0-3-0-witherspoon says:

    if we are going to war with iran lets get her done. don’t wait to start this war in the fall and winter

  2. MD VOTER says:

    “To create jobs”. Give me a break O’Malley always has an excuse. Why hasn’t he been creating jobs for the past six years? Just another excuse to tax and spend. Cut entitlements, enforce the laws concerning illegals, stop spending, cut government salaries, delay all new projects until the economy gets better. encourage new business to locate in MD, etc. Working people are at their wits end just trying to survive. NO NEW GAS TAX.

  3. CC says:

    flat tax has not raised because, since the last increase, more people on the roads meant more miles driven which meant more gallons sold which meant more tax dollars generated. now with fuel prices where they are, more and more folks are minimizing how much they drive, especially those out of work, hence resulting in less gallons sold which equals less tax dollars generated. the state loves good economic times when the dollars are rolling in, but throw in a long recession and an economy hesitant to rebound, those dollars begin to shrink. it’s called learn how to budget within the means of the dollars generated and quit spending frivolously. we as residents have to do so with our own budgets. time for the state to do the same.

  4. LaDasha says:

    You people should support the governor, remember the majority voted him into office. He is doing a very good job for all the people of Maryland. You voted for him now support him.

    OBAMA/BIDEN 2012

    1. KM says:

      We as citizens of the state don’t bow down to any elected official, Democrat or Republican. I agree with all the statements above except yours. I’m tired of paying more taxes all the time. O’Malley raided the transportation fund to balance the budget, and that’s why there’s no money. Tell it like it happened and stop believing the liars in Anapolis.

    2. fed up says:

      you should be hung for a comment like that, remember no one who posts here voted for either Omalley or Obama, just like every inmate is innocent of the crime they was convicted of.

      1. J says:

        Fed up, I’m just curious about what you really meant. There seemed to be a bit of sarcasm that didn’t reach it’s goal. Can you reiterate what you actually meant.

  5. J says:

    LaDasha, I didn’t vote for him for this exact reason. I concur with KM, O’Malley and others raided the transportation fund for use in the general fund. As such funds were not used what they were supposed to be used for. As such the arguments made are invalid. In addition to that, O’Malley accepted millions in stimulus funding. Those funds were used to begin projects that didn’t have sufficient funding to maintain. Again, irresponsible. Now he is trying to make it up off the backs of Maryland citizens. Again, dishonest and irresponsible. For those that pay no taxes, I say this “you pay no tax you have no say”. I am tired of paying for irresponsible decisions. I have no support for these decisions or our governor. He is simply trying to out progressive the progressives to become president.

  6. J says:

    One final comment. I absolutely hate it when politicians state “well we haven’t raised this tax or that tax in so many years”. Who cares. If they spent the money they do have wisely we would have this problem. In addition a previous responder is correct. We have more drivers, more purchases of gas, tolls on our roads etc. As such more money is made. The comment that it hasn’t been raised is meant to assuage stupid people.

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